Eight companies now affected; common manufacturer cited as potential source of formulation error.
Following a voluntary recall of two dry dog food brands due to excess levels of vitamin D last month, the FDA has expanded this recall to include foods sold by six more companies: Sunshine Mills, ANF, Lidl (Orlando brand), Kroger, ELM and Ahold Delhaize, according to an alert from the agency. The recalled products were sold nationwide.
After receiving reports from pet owners that their dogs had suffered vitamin D toxicosis, one company told the FDA that it was voluntarily recalling its dry pet food because of potentially toxic levels of the nutrient. Other brands made by the same contract manufacturer have also been recalled, the agency says. It is working with the manufacturer to provide a list of affected products, and FDA scientists are investigating reports and evaluating samples of some of the products to determine if the reported illnesses are definitively connected to the diets.
So far, the agency, as well as state and private lab testing, have found that the food contained about 70 times the intended amount of vitamin D. This amount is potentially toxic to dogs, and in severe cases could lead to kidney failure or death, the release says.
Pet owners and veterinary professionals should stop feeding the affected brands immediately. Pets exhibiting signs of toxicosis—vomiting, loss of appetite, increased thirst, increased urination, excessive drooling and weight loss—should be taken to the veterinarian immediately, the release says.
Veterinarians treating vitamin D toxicosis cases should ask for the pet’s diet history. The FDA is also interested in reading case reports, particularly those confirmed with diagnostics. The agency notes that vitamin D toxicosis could also present as hypercalcemia, similar to dogs that have consumed rodenticide. In these cases, it suggests confirmation through diet history to verify whether the dog has been eating any of the recalled products.
The list of brands affected by the recall is below. This list is current as of time of publication, but it could include additional products as the FDA monitors the situation, the release notes. Click the linked company name for complete information about the recalled product.
Nutrisca• Chicken and Chickpea Dry Dog Food
Natural Life Pet Products• Chicken & Potato Dry Dog Food
Sunshine Mills, Inc.• Evolve Chicken & Rice Puppy Dry Dog Food• Sportsman’s Pride Large Breed Puppy Dry Dog Food• Triumph Chicken & Rice Recipe Dry Dog Food
ANF, Inc.• ANF Lamb and Rice Dry Dog Food
Lidl (Orlando brand)• Orlando Grain-Free Chicken & Chickpea Superfood Recipe Dog Food
Kroger• Abound Chicken and Brown Rice Recipe Dog Food
ELM Pet Foods, Inc.• ELM Chicken and Chickpea Recipe• ELM K9 Naturals Chicken Recipe
Ahold Delhaize (no press release provided)• Nature’s Promise Chicken & Brown Rice Dog Food• Nature’s Place Real Country Chicken and Brown Rice Dog Food